Journal of Advanced Sciences 2023-01-10T18:54:20+00:00 Open Journal Systems <div class="row"> <div class="col-lg-7"> <div class="service-details-inner"> <p>Journal of Advanced Sciences (JOAS) is an open access, peer-reviewed, multi-disciplinary and fully refereed journal focusing on theories, researches, scientific methods and applications in all research areas. It is an international scientific journal that aims to promote research in all the research fields like Engineering, Science, Technology, Education, Management, Medical Sciences, Dental Sciences, Agricultural Sciences, Social sciences, Health Care, Arts &amp; Humanities and many more. JOAS Publication is indexed in Google Scholar.</p> </div> </div> </div> <div class="services-details-img mt-4"> </div> IRON DEFICIENCY ANEMIA AND ITS ORAL MANIFESTATION -A REVIEW 2022-11-06T15:04:48+00:00 Dr. Anjana Dr. Rahul Srivastava Dr. Vishal Mehrotra Dr. Kriti Garg <p>The oral cavity is the mirror of systemic health. Anemia is one such condition, which manifests itself in the oral cavity. According to the World Health Organization, the normal haemoglobin level for an adult male is around 13.8 g/dl and for an adult woman is around 12.1 g/dl. Anemia is defined as when the haemoglobin level in the blood is below the lower extreme of the normal range for the age and sex of the individual. Iron deficiency anaemia is the most common nutritional deficiency disorder in children and women and is worldwide in distribution. It is characterised by fatigue, weakness, pallor, and koilonychias. Thus, oral physicians play an important role in diagnosis and thereby prevention of anemia, as oral manifestations may be the earliest feature of the condition.</p> 2022-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 A COMPREHENSIVE REVIEW ON ARTICAINE 2022-11-06T15:04:47+00:00 Dr.Parimala Kulkarni <p>Local anaesthetics (LAs) offer patients pain-free dental care while lowering patient apprehension and anxiety. Evidence-based dental clinical practice should be based on the most recent clinical studies and involve ongoing reevaluation of all available clinical data on the efficacy and safety of dental anaesthetics. When dealing with children, it is imperative to understand the overdosage of anesthetic agents resulting in toxic reactions and soft tissue trauma inflicted due to extended spans of anesthesia and variations of technique. The anaesthesia should have minimal side effects and optimal efficacy with the fewest injections possible. Hence, this review has been undertaken to assess the various parameters related to Articaine, the newer anesthetic.</p> 2022-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 GOLTZ GORLIN SYNDROME- A CASE REPORT WITH OVERVIEW 2023-01-10T18:54:20+00:00 Dr. Prasanna Kumar D. Dr. Nidhi Jenson Ukken Dr. H K Ajeya Ranganathan Dr. Mohammed Basim Dr.Mariea Francis Dr. Vijay Joseph Chethalan <p>Goltz Gorlin syndrome (GGS) is an multisystemic disease with an autosomal dominant disorder, with complete variance, though irregular cases have been described. This article includes a case report and an extensive review of the GGS with regard to its history, incidence, etiology, features, investigations, diagnostic criteria, keratocystic odontogenic tumor and treatment modalities. case of a 32-year-old female patient presenting with three major features of Gorlin-Goltz syndrome. Radiologic findings of the syndrome are easily identifiable on Orthopantomogram, cbct scans. These investigations prompt an early verification of the disease, which is very important to prevent recurrence and better survival rates from the coexistent diseases.</p> 2022-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 PSYCHOLOGICAL EFFECT OF COVID-19 AMONGST HEALTH-CARE WORKERS IN BHOPAL, MADHYAPRADESH. 2022-11-06T15:04:48+00:00 Dr. Nikhil Chandrakant Thorat, Dr. Sahana S Dr. Tarun Pratap Singh Dr. Anshika Khare Dr. Priyanka Paliwal <p>Introduction - Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) is caused by the SARS Corona Virus 2 (SARSCOV 2), which was discovered in 2019 at a wet market in Wuhan, China. Healthcare workers' psychological health has been significantly impacted by the coronavirus disease. During epidemics, health care workers (HCWs) are commonly the very first point of contact and are vulnerable to infectious diseases. The aim of the study to measure the psychological effect of Covid-19 amongst healthcare workers in Bhopal city.</p> <p>Materials and methods- A cross-sectional questionnaire-based study was conducted amongst health care workers of Bhopal city, who were working in government and private hospitals between April 2021 to May 2021. The Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale - 21(DASS-21) Items was used to conduct the survey Data analysis was done using SPSS Statistics for Windows, version 22.0 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, Ill., USA). ANOVA test was used to determine to find any significant difference comparing psychological variable between the groups of health care workers. P value &lt; 0.05 was considered statistically significant.</p> <p>Results- 350 responses were received in total. Health care workers were categorised as doctors, dentists and nurses. Among the respondents 20.9% participants were males and 79.1% were females. It was noted that dentists reported significantly more psychological distress than doctors and nurses. At baseline (n=350), overall mean depression, anxiety and stress of the doctor, dentist and nurses were 20.69±7.55, 29.83±8.34 and 12.86±4.69 respectively, which was significant at p=0.00*.</p> <p>Conclusion – Health care workers experienced poor psychological health due to pandemic, indicating they may be at risk for greater psychological distress. The results of this study stress the greater need of research in psychological field to facilitate capacity building among healthcare workers.</p> 2022-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 PERCEPTION AND ATTITUDE REGARDING COVID-19 INFECTION AMONG DENTAL STUDENTS 2022-11-06T15:04:48+00:00 Dr. Ayushi Sharma Dr. Sahana. S Dr. Garima Bhambhani Dr. Anuja Pathak Anupam Sharma <p>COVID 19 or corona virus is a RNA virus and firstly it was discovered in WUHAN, CHINA on 31st December 2019. SARS COV-2 is responsible for COVID 19 occurrence. A suggested route of humanto-human transmission is through airborne droplets, touching or coming into contact with an infected person or a contaminated surface A large number of medical staff were reported to have acquired the disease while working with infected individuals. The dental clinic is not an exception for a similar possibility of transmitting and acquiring the infection between staff or individuals; moreover, the dental clinic could be a riskier environment for spreading the virus because of the close contact with patients and the nature of the dental treatment. So the aim of the study was to evaluate the perception and attitude regarding covid-19 infection among dental students</p> <p>Methods: Post graduate students and interns of a dental college in Central India were selected.184 individuals in total were chosen, with 80 postgraduates overall and around 104 interns. Data was collected using an online questionnaire employing Google Forms. The questionnaires was distributed using social media platform like facebook, WhatsApp etc. Chi square test was used to evaluate perception and attitude regarding covid-19 infection among post graduates and interns and the the data obtained were subjected to statistical analysis using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS Version 23; Chicago Inc., IL, USA).</p> <p>Results: This study found that dental students are well-aware of effects of expected SARS-CoV-2 infection transmission in a clinical setting. It also came to the conclusion that postgraduates have a somewhat more positive attitude regarding the illness than interns do.</p> <p>Conclusion: The dentist and dental students must be aware of the effects of expected SARS-CoV-2 infection transmission in a clinical setting. They must therefore stay up to date on any updated information regarding this ailment which help them and their patients to be safe while treatment.</p> 2022-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022